India River System – Peninsular Rivers India

Peninsular Rivers flowing in Arabian Sea (East → West)

  • Forms only Estuaries
  • No Delta Due to Hard rocks & lack of Distributaries
Luni Sabarmati Mahi
Narmada Tawa Tapi

Peninsular Indian Rivers

  • Desertic river, also known as the Sagarmati
  • Rises from the western slopes of the Aravalli Range near Ajmer
  • Ends in the marshy lands of Rann of Kutch in Gujarat
  • Inspite of high salinity, it is a major river in region
  • Serves as a primary source of irrigation
  • Rises from Dhebar lake in Aravalli Range of the Udaipur (Rajasthan)
  • Flow Route: Udaipur Gulf of Khambat Arabian Sea via Estuary
  • Rises from Vindhya range (MP)
  • flows through MP, Rajasthan & Gujrat & drains in Gulf of Cambay
  • Famous Projects → Banswara Dam & Kadana dam
  • Origin Amarkantak, Shahdol, MP
  • Also known as Rewa River
  • Flows through rift valley of Vindhya & Satpura
  • Flow Route: MP Bharuch (Gujrat) Gulf of Khambat (Gujrat) Arabian Sea via Estuary
  • Longest among all east to west flowing rivers
  • Known as Life line of MP
  • Forms Duandhar falls at Jabalpur
  • Tributary Hiran River, Tawa River, Kolar River
  • Aliabet Largest Island in Estuary
  • Famous projects →Sardar Sarovar Dam, Maheshwar Dam, Indira Gandhi Sagar Dam
  • Rises in the Satpura Range of Betul (MP)
  • Narmada’s longest tributary
  • Origin Mahadev hills, Satpura range, Betul district, MP
  • Flow Route: MP   Maharashtra Gulf of Khambat or Cambay Arabian Sea via Estuary
  • Famous projects → Kakrapar Dam & Ukai Dam
  • Rises from Western Ghats in Kerala
  • Flows towards west & drains in Arabian Sea via an estuary
Note JOG falls, made by Sharavati river in Karnataka is Highest in India

Peninsular Rivers flowing in Bay of Bengal ( West → East)

  • Mahanadi
  • Godavari
  • Penganga
  • Sabri
  • Wardha
  • Indravati
  • Krishna
  • Tungabhadra
  • Bhima
  • Kaveri
  • Penner
  • Vaigai (Drains in Gulf of Mannar)

South Indian Rivers

  • OriginDandakaranya Hills, Raipur
  • Flow Route: Chhattisgarh Orissa EGs BOB
  • Famous Project : Hirakund Dam
  • Origin Triambakeshwar Plateau, Nashik, WGs
  • Largest Peninsular River
  • Known as Dakshina / Vriddha Ganga
  • Flow Route: Nashik  Andhra Pradesh BOB
  • Famous Tributaries Penganga, Sabri, Wardha & Indravati
  • Famous Projects       Poochampad,  Jayakwadi, Polavaram
  • Rises from Ajanta hills (Maharashtra)
  • a tributary of River Wardha which finally merges into Godavari
  • Origin Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra, WGs
  • Flow Route: Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh BOB
  • Famous Projects Koyna, Tugrabhdra, Srisailam & Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
  • a major tributary of Krishna
  • Rises from Western Ghats
  • Rises from Balaghat range (Maharashtra)
  • Tributary of Krishna
  • Origin Brahamgiri hills, Karnataka, WGs
  • Flow Route: Karnataka Kaveripatnam (TN) BOB
  • Perrenial River
  • Forms Shivasundaram Waterfalls
  • Famous projects Krishnaraja sagar & Mettur
  • Rises from Karnataka
  • Flows b/w Krishna & Kaveri
  • Drains into BOB
  • Rises from Palni hills (TN)
  • A seasonal river flows through TN
  • Drains in Gulf of Mannar
India Yearbook English India Yearbook Hindi Economic Survey 2017


  1. thankyou very much to share the knowledge.

  2. Could you please send me all the compiled notes? I will pay the fees for it.

  3. great work, really found it easy and understandable

  4. sir , indira gandhi sagar dam is located on river chambal . please do the corrections.

    • indira gandhi sagar dam is on river narmada only…plz check urself frst.

    • The Indira Sagar Dam is a multipurpose project of Madhya Pradesh on the Narmada River at Narmada Nagar, Mundi in the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh in India

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