Elderly Issues

India already has the second largest elderly population in the world. Indians above the age of 60 increased 35 % from 2001 to 2011. India’s age dependency ratio also increased from 10.9% in 2001 to 14.2% in 2011.

Factors responsible – reduction in mortality due to economic well-being, better health care system, good medicines & reduction in fertility

Elderly Issues 

  • Less than 1% of elderly population in India has health insurance despite requiring psychiatric or psychological intervention frequently

Elderly Issues

  • Supply shortfall in affordable senior care homes & elder friendly Infrastructure like elderly recreation homes
  • Lack of social security and pensions for majority of elderly population viz. 65 % of elderly in India are dependent on others for their financial requirements.
  • Migration and displacement for work by the youth from rural to urban areas increases solitary elderly population i.e. 71 % elderly reside in villages while 29 % reside in cities
  • The care of older persons in the families gets increasingly difficult in wake of increasing nuclear families & economic aspirations
  • Data on elderly living in a region is not available thus hindering any disaster management activities related to elderly. For eg. Chennai disaster
  • Government projections suggest occurring of feminization of elderly population, with 51% of the total likely to be women by 2016.


There is a lack of awareness about the prevalent schemes and programmes among the elderlies. Programmes are plagued with leakage and inability in identifying right beneficiaries.

Government Policies

  • Social security is the concurrent responsibility of the central and state governments
  • Well-being of senior citizens – Article 41 of Indian constitution
  • National Old Age Pension Scheme
  • National Programme for Healthcare for Elderly, 2010
  • Draft National Policy on Senior Citizen, 2011


The foremost step that requires urgent attention is to sensitize people, especially the younger generation, towards the needs of our elderly population

India Yearbook English India Yearbook Hindi Economic Survey 2017

1 Comment

  1. very good effort

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