Provincial Style During Islamic Era in India
Bengal School of Architecture
- Islamic monuments of Bengal are consistent in design as of other regions, with distinguishing features such as material used & designs execution
- Brick was the chief building material with the use of stone being limited largely to pillars for trabeate/Arcuate construction, mainly obtained from demolished temples.
- The so-called “Bengal” roof with sloping cornices, which originated from the bamboo construction, was adopted by the Muslims and later it spread widely, even in other regions.
- Covered brick and glazed tiles were usually pressed into service for decoration.
Malwa School of Architecture (MP & Rajasthan)
- Followed arcuate style majorly with elegant use of arch with pillar and beam;
- Lofty terraces approached by well-proportioned stairways,
- Impressive size of buildings, use of various colored stones & marbles with minor use of bright coloured glazed tiles.
- Minaret is absent in this style
- Notable Examples are Rani Rupmati pavilion (Mandu), Ashrafi Mahal (Mandu), Hindola mahal (Mandu), Jahaz Mahal (Mandu)
Jaunpur School of Architecture (UP)
- Developed by Sharqui Dynasty hence also called as sharqui style. It was influenced by the buildings of Tughlaq period
- Prominent feature →Huge imposing pro-pylon screens, filling the central and side bays of prayer hall
- Notable Example is Atalla Masjid (Built during the reign of Shamsuddin Ibrahim)