Famous Monuments, Forts, Temples, Gardens

Famous Monuments, Forts, Temples, Gardens


Famous Monuments, Forts, Temples, Gardens

India is rich in culture, traditions, heritage buildings, temples, forts and palaces. Famous Indian Monuments includes Old Churches of Goa, The Taj Mahal, Qutab Minar of Delhi, Charminar, Red Fort and Jantar Mantar, these are also few most visited Heritage Sites in India.

These Historical Monuments are the only wealth of Indian tourism along with other World Heritage Sites and Nature tourism places like wild parks and ancient temples of south India.

Famous Temples of India

Kailash temple Ellora Rashtrakutas → Rock Cut
Krishaneshwara temple Rameshwaram Rashtrakutas
Ratha temples Mahabalipuram Pallavas → Rock Cut
Shore temple Mahabalipuram Pallavas
Kailashnath temple Kanchipuram Pallavas
Vaikuntha Perumal temple Kanchipuram Pallavas
Brihadeshwara temple Tanjore Cholas
Mukteshwara temple Bhubaneshwar Ganga rulers
Jagannath Temple Puri Ganga rulers
Sun temple Konark Ganga rulers
Lingaraja temple Orissa Ganga rulers
Khajuraho temples Bundelkhand Chandella rulers
Dilwara temple (Jains) Mount Abu Solanki rulers
Vithalswami temple Hampi Tulva Dynasty
Hazaraswami temple Hampi Tulva Dynasty
Deogarh Temple UP Gupta
Papnatha temple Pattadakal Chalukya of Badami
Virupaksha temple Pattadakal Chalukya of Badami
Somnath temple Gujrat
Vishwanath temple Banaras
Govinda temple Mathura
Kamakhya temple Guwahati
Shankaracharya temple Kashmir
Kali temple Kalighat of Kolkata
Mahakali Temple Ujjain

Monuments of Worth

Gandhi Sadan New Delhi Birla House where Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated
Rajghat New Delhi Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi on the banks of Yamuna
Shantivan New Delhi Near Rajghat where Jawaharlal Nehru was cremated
Vijay Ghat New Delhi Samadhi of Lal Bahadur Shastri on the bank of the Yamuna
Shakti Sthal New Delhi On banks of Yamuna where Indira Gandhi was cremated
Tomb of Ahmed Shah Ahmedabad Domed structure famous for paving of multicoloured marble
Bibi-ka-Maqbara Aurangabad Mausoleum built by Aurangazeb in memory of his wife Rabia Durrani
Jamia Milia New Delhi Muslim University founded by Dr Zakir Hussain
Kranti Maidan Mumbai Gandhiji gave Quit India call in 1942
Anand Bhawan Allahabad Ancestral house of Nehru family which Mrs. Indira Gandhi gifted for conversion into a national memorial
Teenmurti House New Delhi Residence of 1st Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, Now converted into a national memorial
Omkar Temple M.P Shiva Temple on an island in the Narmada river, called ‘Black Pagoda’.
Buland Darwaja Fatehpur Sikri 38 m high gate built by Akbar, is India’s highest gate
Gateway of India Mumbai Built in 1911 AD to commemorate the visit of King George V of UK
Qutab Minar New Delhi 72.5m high stone tower, tallest minaret in India
Gol Gumbaz Bijapur, Karnataka India’s largest dome built on the tomb of Sultan Mohammed Adil Shah
Sanchi Stupa Sanchi, Bhopal One of earliest stupas, made of bricks and sandstone
Sarnath Stupa Varanasi Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon

Important Forts & Gardens

Agra Fort Agra
  • Built by Akbar & additions made by Shahjahan
  • Contain famous buildings like Shish Mahal, Moti Masjid, Diwani- A – am & Diwan -i-Khas
Gwalior Fort Gwalior Contains famous building like Man Mandir, Palace of Man Singh
Hawa Mahal Jaipur Multi-storied pink colored building
Hindodla Mahal Mandu, M.P Walls sloping at an angle of over 77* create an illusion that the entire building sways
Jantar Mantar Delhi Ancient observatory
Red Fort Delhi Built by Shahjahan, made of red stone
Rashtrapati Bhawan Delhi India’s biggest residential building
Moghul Gardens Delhi Garden of Rashtrapati Bhawan
Shalimar Gardens  Srinagar Pleasure resort in Kashmir
Vrindavan Gardens  Mysore, Karnataka Unique gardens adjacent to the Krishnaraja sagar Dam
Ramanathaswamy Corridor  Rameshwaram, T.N. India’s longest corridor – 1,220 m long
Gomateswara statue  Sravanabelagola, Karnataka India’s tallest stone statue of Jain Sage

Who built what in Delhi

Indraprastha Yudhishthira
Delhi or Daidala Raja Dhilu (200 AD)
Lal Kot Anang Pal Tomar
Qila Rai Pithora near Mehrauli Prithvi Raj Chauhan
Siri Fort Alauddin Khilji
Tughlaqabad Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq
Jahanpanah Mohammed Bin Tughlaq
Firozabad Firoz Shah Tughlaq
Dinpanah Humayun
Shahjahanabad Shah Jehan


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