Ghaznavids  Mahmud of Gazni & Muhammad Ghori

Ghaznavids (1000 – 1200 AD)

  • Islam  Founded in Mecca by prophet muhammad (622 AD)
  • 622 AD  Starting point of Muslim calender
  • Later, Profet moved to Madina & this Muslim era was called Hijra
  • Followers of prophet set up an empire known as Caliphate
  • Umayyads & Abbasids were called Caliphs (Arabs)

 


Mahmud of Gazni

  • Around 900 AD, Caliphate declined & Turkish established independent kingdoms
  • Mahmud of Gazni is said to have made 17 raids to India, mainly aimed at rich temples & cities of North India
  • North Indian frontier Hindu Shahi kingdom of Jayapala (Punjab to Kabul) was defeated in 1001 AD
  • His successor Anandpala also got defeated in battle of Waihind (1008 AD).
  • In battle of Waihind, Anandpala was supported by Rulers of Kannauj & Rajasthan; as a result Mahmud got his rule established over almost all over Punjab

 

Famous Poets Patronized by Mahmud of Gazni

  • Firdausi  →  Wrote Shahnamah
  • Alberuni  Wrote Kitab-i-Hind

Muhammad Ghori

  • After death of Mahmud, Ghori succeeded to the throne of Ghazni
  • In 1186, He attacked Punjab & captured it from “Khusro Malik”, annexing it to his dominions
  • Realizing the urgency of situation, North Indian Hindu princes formed a confederacy under the command of Prithvi Raj Chauhan
  • Prithvi raj chauhan defeated Muhammad Ghori in Battle of Tarain, near Delhi in 1191
  • Again, Muhammad Ghori gathered a vast army & sent message to Prithvi raj chauhan to be a Muslim & accept his supremacy but Chauhan rejected his terms.
  • In 1192, in 2nd battle of Tarain , Prithvi raj Chauhan was captured & killed, marking the establishment of 1st Muslim kingdom rule over Ajmer in India
  • Muhammad Ghori returned to Ghazni leaving his general Qutubuddin Aibak to make further conquests in India  Aibak captured Delhi & Meerut and in 1193
  • Ghori invaded Jayachandra “Ruler of Kannauj” in battle of Chandwar or Ghardawala & annexed it, setting Turkish rule in North India

 


Delhi Sultanet

Muslim invasion in India resulted in establishment of Delhi Sultanet (1206 – 1526) which mainly consisted of 5 different dynasties

Dynasty Prominent Rulers
Slave dynasty Qutubuddin Aibak, Iltutmish, Razia Sultana, Balban
Khilji dynasty Jalaluddin Khalji, Alaunddin Khalji
Tughlaq dynasty Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, Muhammad – Bin – Tughlaq, Firoz Tughlaq
Sayyid dynasty Khirz khan, Alam Shah
Lodi dynasty Bahlol lodi, Sikandar lodi, Ibrahim Lodi

Delhi Sultanate India

India Yearbook English India Yearbook Hindi Economic Survey 2017

2 Comments

  1. thankyou very much to share the knowledge.

  2. It is the End Times for the Dindoo Hinoo ! Nanak met Babar and blessed him ! He did not warn Babar not to pillage the Hindoos !

    The Hindoos got what they deserved – and even Nanak did not try to stop or caution Babar ! dindooohindoo

    Y ?

    Nanak knew the worth of Hindoo evil !

    Net Result ! Babar pillaged the Hindoo Filth and was rewarded with a son – Akbar !

    Nanak asks his God – Did you feel no pity ? And the Lord did not give a damn !

    That same time beckons Pakistan – the pedigreed lineage of Babar ! dindooohindoo
    ONE UNIVERSAL CREATOR GOD. BY THE GRACE OF THE TRUE GURU:AASAA, SIXTH HOUSE, FIRST MEHL:
    || 4 || 4 || 38 || AASAA, FIRST MEHL: Having attacked Khuraasaan, “Baabar terrified Hindustan”. The Creator Himself does not take the blame, but has sent the “Mugal as the messenger death”. There was so much slaughter that the people screamed. “Didn’t You feel compassion”, Lord?
    Y did the “tantric rites” of the Dindoo Hindoo Gandoo,”not save them” ?
    RAAG AASAA, FIRST MEHL, ASHTAPADEES, THIRD HOUSE:
    ONE UNIVERSAL CREATOR GOD. BY THE GRACE OF THE TRUE GURU:
    |q| 3 || Millions of religious leaders failed to halt the invader, when they heard of the Emperor?s invasion.He burned the rest-houses and ‘the ancient temples”; he “cut the princes limb from limb”, and cast them into the dust. None of the Mugals “went blind, and no one performed any miracle”.
    Y did Allah not save the “RajFooFoot”?
    || 5 || The Hindu women, the Muslim women, the Bhattis and the “Rajputs – some had their robes torn away, from head to foot”, while others came to dwell in the cremation ground. Their “husbands did not return home” and how did they pass their night ?
    || 6 || The Creator Himself acts, and “causes others to act”. Unto whom should we complain?
    The Sad Truth – The Lord did nothing – the “DindooHindoo scum got what they deserved” ! The same
    “would have been done” by “Abraham and Solomon and David”
     “Ghazni/Babar and the Mughals”, did nothing which Abraham, David and Solomon, did “not do or would not have done”
     They all followed the “Old Testament” !

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