Political Science and International Relations Syllabus UPSC Mains

Political Science and International Relations Optional Paper – I

Political Theory and Indian Politics

  • Political Theory meaning and approaches.
  • Theories of the State Liberal, Neoliberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
  • Justice Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
  • Equality Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
  • Rights Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
  • Democracy Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
  • Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
  • Political Ideologies Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
  • Indian Political Thought Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy.
  • Western Political Thought Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt

 

Indian Government and Politics

  • Indian Nationalism
  • Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
  • Perspectives on Indian National Movement Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical humanist and Dalit.
  • Making of the Indian Constitution Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.
  • Salient Features of the Indian Constitution The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
  • Principal Organs of the Union Government Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
  • Principal Organs of the State Government Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
  • Grassroots Democracy Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements.
  • Statutory Institutions/Commissions Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.
  • Federalism Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
  • Planning and Economic Development Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.
  • Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
  • Party System National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
  • Social Movements Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements.

 

Click Here – Book For PSIR Optional Paper – 1

 

Political Science and International Relations Optional Paper – II

Comparative Political Analysis and International Politics

  • Comparative Politics Nature and major approaches; political economy and political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.
  • State in comparative perspective Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.
  • Politics of Representation and Participation Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
  • Globalisation Responses from developed and developing societies.
  • Approaches to the Study of International Relations Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
  • Key concepts in International Relations National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
  • Changing International Political Order
  • Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
  • Non-aligned movement Aims and achievements;
  • Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
  • Evolution of the International Economic System From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.
  • United Nations Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agencies-aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
  • Regionalisation of World Politics EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
  • Contemporary Global Concerns Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.

 

India and the World

  • Indian Foreign Policy Determinants of foreign policy; institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
  • India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement Different phases; current role.
  • India and South Asia
  • Regional Co-operation SAARC – past performance and future prospects.
  • South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
  • India’s “Look East” policy.
  • Impediments to regional co-operation river water disputes; illegal cross-border migration; ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; border disputes.
  • India and the Global South Relations with Africa and Latin America; leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
  • India and the Global Centres of Power USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
  • India and the UN System Role in UN Peace-keeping; demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.
  • India and the Nuclear Question Changing perceptions and policy.
  • Recent developments in Indian Foreign policy India’s position on the recent crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; vision of a new world order.

 

Click Here – Book For PSIR Optional Paper – 2

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