Jainism & Buddhism: Cause of Origin

Ritualistic Dominion of Brahamanas

  • Kshatriya reacted strongly against the ritualistic dominion of brahamanas & vernas based on birth.
  • Verdhaman Mahavira & Gautama Buddha both belonged to Kshatriya clan & disputed the authority of brahamanas.

 

Rise of new Agriculture Economy

  • Real reason was rise of new agriculture economy in north India which was based on iron ploughshare
  • Required the use of bullocks & cattles & could not flourish without animal husbandry.
  • But Vedic practices of killing cattles in sacrifice led to decimation of cattle wealth, against which both Jainism & Buddhism spoke & propagated the idea of ahimsa.

Jainism & Buddhism

Punch Marked Coins

Earliest coins belonged to 500 BC & are known as punch marked coins, 1st used by Vaishyas / Traders. Use of punch marked coins facilitated trade & commerce, which added to importance of Vaishyas as such. Vaishyas were ranked 3rd in verna system & were eager to improve their position, hence extended generous support to Buddhism & Jainism along with the following reasons:

  • Both were not biased towards any verna system
  • Both Preached the gospel of non-violence, which would put an end to the war b/w kingdoms & consequently will promote trade & commerce
  • Brahmanical law book “Dharamsutras” decried lending money on interest & a person who live on interest were not held in esteem by them, hence they were eager to improve their position.

 

New Way of life

A strong reaction by common people against use of coins, private properties, new dwellings, new dresses, new system of transport & luxury; Hence common people yearned to go back to primitive ways of life hence supported Buddhism & Jainism which

  • preferred simple, Puritan & ascetic living & asked people to forgo all good things in life
  • were not allowed to touch gold & silver & were to accept as much to keep their body & soul together.
"We Request you to shop on Amazon or Flipkart using links given below to help us earn Referral Commission"

SHOP ON AMAZON                               SHOP ON FLIPKART

best ias books

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>