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Chalukya, Pallava, Pandyas

  • 600 AD: 3 Main Kingdoms in South: Chalukya (Badami); Pallava (Kanchi); Pandyas (Madurai)
  • Primary Language : Sanskrit
  • Rise of agrarian economy + No megaliths + Decline in trade
  • Numerous grants were made to Brahamanas
  • Marked by beginning of construction of stone temple of Vishnu & Shiva
  • Jainism was confined to Maharashtra

 


Chalukyas of Badami

  • Northern Maharashtra Vakatas (Brahamanas) Succeded Satavahanas
  • Vakatas were Succeeded by Chalukyas of Badami (Vatapi)
  • Chalukyas of Badami claimed their descendent from Moon/Manu/Brahma
  • Capital Badami (Vatapi) at Bijapur (Karnataka)

 

Greatest Ruler → Pulakeshin 2

  • Aihole inscription by Ravikriti in sanskrit
  • Defeated Harshas Army advancing in Deccan on banks of Narmada

Chalukyas of Badami

Architecture by Chalukyas

  • Developed Deccan/ Vesara style Temples
  • Developed Papanatha & Virupaksha @ Pattadakal (City of famous 10 temples)

Pallavas

  • Eastern Peninsula Ikshvakus (Suryavansh) Succeeded Satavahans
  • Ikshvakus were succeeded by Pallavas
  • Pallavas were called “ Creeper/ Tondai / Robbers)
  • Capital Kanchipuram
  • Conflict with kadambas (Founded by Mayurasharman : Capital Vaijayanti)

Pallavas

Great Pallava Ruler → Narasimhavarman

  • Defeated Pulakeshin 2
  • Occupied Vatapi & entitled Vatapikonda
  • Founded Port city of Mahabalipuram (Now Mamallapuram)

 

Pallavas Dravidian Style Temples

7 Ratha temple Mahabalipuram Rock cut
Shore Temple Mahabalipuram Free standing
Vaikuntha Perumal Mahabalipuram Free standing
Kailashnath Temple Kanchipuram Free standing

 


Conflict with Kalbhras

  • Pallavas, Chalukyas & Kadambas All 3 were brahamans
  • Followed brahamanism with vedic sacrifices
  • Made numerous land grants to Brahamanas
  • Kalbhras Patronised Buddhism & Buddhist monasteries
  • Land grants to brahamanas led to revolt of Kalbhras mainly to put an end to Brahamadeya right to Brahamanas

Rural Structure

Generally 3 types of villages, namely Ur, Sabha & Nagaram

Ur Inhabited by peasants who held their land in common & village headman collected tax & paid on everyone’s behalf
Sabha Brahamdeya or land granted to Brahamanas (Agrahara villages)
Nagaram Inhabited by merchants & traders

In Chalukya kingdom rural affairs were managed by village elders known as “Mahajana”

India Yearbook English India Yearbook Hindi Economic Survey 2017

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