best ias books

Mountain Ranges in India

Hill Ranges in India

Karakoram Range
  • A sub range of the Hindu Kush Himalayan Range
  • K2, the second highest peak in the world is located here
  • Famous Glaciers : Siachen Glacier, Biafo Glacier
  • Karakoram  range span the borders between Pakistan, India and China
  • Located in the regions of Gilgit –Baltistan (Pakistan), Ladakh (India), and Xinjiang region (China)
Ladakh Range
  • Southeastern extension of the Karakoram Range
  • From the mouth of the Shyok River in Ladakh to the border with Tibet
  • Extension of the Ladakh Range into China is known as Kailash Range
  • Lies here India’s cold desert named as ‘ LEH
Zaskar Range
  • Boundary line between Ladakh region of Kashmir & remaining two regions of the state i.e. Jammu region and Vale of Kashmir
  • Highest peak Kamet (UK)
  • Lies here Coldest place in India, Dras (The Gateway to Ladakh)
  • Famous Passes : Shipki, Lipu Lekh (Lipulieke), and Mana Pass
Pirpanjal Range
  • Separates Jammu Hills to the south from the Vale of Kashmir(Kashmir Valley), beyond which lie the Great Himalayas
  • Highest Point : Indrasan, 2nd Highest : Deo Tibba
  • Has India’s longest rail tunnel known as Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel, Banihal road tunnel
  • Famous Passes :  Pir Panjal Pass, Banihal Pass, Rohtang pass
Dhauladhar Range (White Range)
  • Spread in J & K and Himachal, with home to major hill stations like Kullu, Manali & Shimla
  • Highest peak : Hanuman ji Ka Tiba, or ‘White Mountain‘
Shivalik Range
  • Southernmost & outer Himalayas also known as Manak Parbat in ancient times,  literally means ‘tresses of Shiva’
  • About 2,400 km  long from Indus till  Brahmaputra, with a gap of about 90 kilometres between the Teesta and Raidak rivers in Assam known as sub Himalayas.

Hill Ranges in India

Aravali Range
  • Means ‘line of peaks’, runs across Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana & Delhi, known as Mewar hills
  • Highest Peak : Gurushikhar, Mt abu
  • Famous passes : Pipli Ghat, Haldi Ghat
  • Locally known as Mewar hills
Maikal Range Eastern part of the Satpuras range (MP)
Kaimur Range Eastern portion of the Vindhya Range in MP, UP & Bihar, Parallel to river son
Mahadeo Range
  • forms the central part of the Satpura Range, located in MP
  • Highest peak : Dhoopgarh
Ajanta Range Maharashtra, south of river Tapi, sheltering caves of  world famous paintings of Gupta period
Rajmahal Hills
  • In Jharkhand made up of lava basaltic rocks
  • Point of Ganges bifurcation
Garo Khasi Jaintia Hills Continuous mountain range in Meghalaya
Mikir Hills
  • a group of hills located to the south of the Kaziranga National Park (Assam)
  • a part of the Karbi Anglong Plateau
Abor Hills
  • Hills of Arunachal Pradesh , near the border with China, bordered by Mishmi and Miri Hills
  • drained by Dibang River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra
Mishmi Hills
  • in Arunachal pradesh with its northern & eastern parts touching  China
  • Situated at the junction of Northeastern Himalaya and Indo-Burma ranges
Patkai Range
  • Also known as Purvanchal Range, consist of three major hills The Patkai-Bum, the Garo-Khasi-Jaintia and Lushai Hills
  • situated on India’s north-eastern border with Burma
Mizo Hills (Lushai Hills) part of the Patkai range in Mizoram and partially in Tripura

Mountain Ranges in India

Vindhya Range
  • a complex, discontinuous chain of mountain ridges, hill ranges, highlands & plateaus running through Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar
  • Highest peak – Sadbhawna Shikhar
Satpura Range
  • a range of hills in central India
  • Passes through Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh
  • Highest peak : Dhupgarh
Dalma Hills
  • Located in Jamshedpur
  •  famous for Dalma national park & minerals like iron ore & manganese
Girnar Hills Gujrat
Baba Budan Giri Karnataka
Harishchandra
  • At Pune, acts as a water divide bw Godavari & Krishna
  • Hills made up of lava
Balaghat range Bw MP & Maharashtra, famous for manganese deposits
Chilpi series MP

Mountain Ranges in India

Talcher series Odisha, rich in bituminous coal
Champion series Karnataka, Dharawar period, rich in gold (contains kolar mines)
Nilgiri Hills
  • Referred as Blue mountains, a range of mountains in the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu at the junction of Karnataka and Kerala
  • Hills are separated from the Karnataka plateau to the north by the Moyar River and from the Anaimalai Hills & Palni Hills to the south by the Palghat Gap
Palani Hills
  • Eastward extension of the Western Ghats ranges
  • adjoin the high Anamalai range on the west, and extend east into the plains of Tamil Nadu
Anamalai Hills
  • Also known as Elephant Hill
  • a range of mountains in the Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu and Kerala with highest peak Anamudi
Cardmom Hills Part of the southern Western Ghats located in southeast Kerala and southwest Tamil Nadu
Pachamalai Hills
  • also known as the Pachais
  • Eastern Ghats in Tamil Nadu
India Yearbook English India Yearbook Hindi Economic Survey 2017

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>