Missiles India

Ballistic Missiles

  • Launched from land or sea; follows a trajectory with the objective of delivering one or more warheads to a predetermined target
  • Usually carry a nuclear warhead and are very heavy & have much larger range
  • Only guided during relatively brief periods of flight, and most of its trajectory is unpowered and governed by gravity (and air resistance if in the atmosphere
  • Long range intercontinental ballistic missiles are launched at a steep,sub-orbital flight trajectory and spend most of their flight out of the atmosphere
  • Shorter range ballistic missiles stay within theEarth’s atmosphere
  • Examples include Agni Missiles, Prithvi Missiles, Akash, Trishul, Maitri, Dhanush, Sagarika, K4, K5


Cruise missiles

  • Can also be launched from air along with land and sea
  • Have their own engines and wings to strike the target
  • Can be sub-sonic (.8 mach), supersonic (3 mach) or hypersonic (5 mach)
  • Highly accurate & fly within Earth’s atmosphere
  • usually carry conventional warheads although some cruise missiles can also be equipped with nuclear warheads
  • Examples include Brahmos Missiles, Nirbhay Missile


In both cases viz. Ballistic Missiles & Cruise Missiles are guided. That is, the flight path is pre-determined and very small alterations in flight are possible, if at all.

Ballistic Missiles India

Agni Missiles

  • Ballistic missiles carrying nuclear warheads
  • Classified into three types viz. Medium Range Ballistic Missiles (MRBM), Intermediate Range Ballistic Missiles (IRBM) and Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBM)
Name Type Range (Km) Status Type
Agni I MRBM 700-1200 Deployed Surface to surface
Agni II IRBM 2000-2500 Deployed Surface to surface
Agni III IRBM 3000-5000 Deployed Surface to surface
Agni IV IRBM 2500-3700 Deployed Surface to surface
Agni V ICBM 5000-8000 Tested Surface to surface
Agni VI ICBM 10000-12000 Under Development Surface to surface

Agni Missiles India

  • Agni-I,Agni-II and Agni-III missiles were developed under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program
  • Agni IV + Agni V – high accuracy Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System (RINS) and the most modern and accurate Micro Navigation System (MINS)


Prithvi Missiles

  • Surface-to-surface short-range ballistic missiles (SRBM)
Name Range (Km)
Prithvi I 150
Prithvi II 150-350
Prithvi III 350-650
  • Dhanush is the naval variant of Prithvi Missiles – Sea to Surface
  • Prithvi-II – 1st missile developed by DRDO under IGMDP



  • A solid-fuelled Surface-to-surface Missile with range of 150 km
  • Equipped with omnidirectional warheads and could be used for striking both tactical and strategic targets


India Sea Based Nuclear Armed Ballistic Missiles : Surface to Surface

  • Submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM)
Name Range (Km)
Dhanush 350
Sagarika (K15) 700
K4 3500
K5 6000

Surface to Air Missiles of India

Name Feature Range
Akash surface-to-air 30 km
Trishul surface-to-air 12 km
Maitri surface-to-air 15 km

Akash Air Defence missile system 

  • Medium range Surface to air missile viz. approx. 35 km
  • Can employ multiple air targets while operating in fully autonomous mode
  • Can be launched from static or mobile platforms
  • Can carry conventional and nuclear warheads
  • Can operate in all weather conditions.
  • Developed under the integrated guided-missile development programme by ISRO


LRSAM – India-Israel joint venture missile

  • Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LRSAM) – called Barak 8 missile in Israel
  • can take down an incoming missile as close as 500 meters away from the ship


Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP)

  • Prithvi Missiles - Short range surface-to-surface missile + Naval variant (Dhanush)
  • Trishul Missiles - Short range low-level surface-to-air missile
  • Akash Missiles - Medium range surface-to-air missile
  • Nag Missiles - Third-generation anti-tank missile
  • Agni Missiles - Only Agni 1, 2 & 3


Anti Tank Missile India

Nag Missile

  • “Fire-and-forget” anti-tank missile
  • An all-weather missile with a range of 3 to 7 km
  • Uses Imaging Infra-Red (IIR) guidance with day and night capability
  • Can be mounted on an infantry vehicle

NAG Missile Helina

A variant of NAG Missile to be launched from Helicopter is being developed under the Project named HELINA (HELIcopter launched NAg)

Cruise Missiles India

Brahmos Missiles

  • can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land (Cruise Missiles)
  • Presently world’s fastest cruise missile in operation (Brahmos)


  • Brahmos - Mach 2.8 Supersonic Cruise Missile developed in collaboration with Russia – 300 km
  • Brahmos 11- Mach 7 Hypersonic Cruise Missile in development collaboration with Russia



  • 1st long range subsonic cruise missile
  • Can be launched from land, sea and air(Cruise missile)
  • a ring laser gyroscope for high-accuracy navigation and a radio altimeter for the height determination
  • Strike range – 1000 km
  • From Integrated Test Range at Wheeler island, Chandipur, Orissa, by SFC monitored by DRDO

Nirbhay Missile

Air to Air Missile India

Astra Missile – India’s 1st Air to Air (BVR)

  • Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile; smallest DRDO developed missile (3.8m)
  • capable of engaging targets at varying range and altitudes allowing for engagement of both short-range targets (up to 20 km) and long-range targets (up to 80 km) using alternative propulsion modes


Unmanned Aerial Vehicle


  • Wheeled version of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Nishant capable of taking-off and landing using small airstrips
  • Have all the surveillance capabilities of UAV Nishant + longer endurance as it does not have to carry the air bags and parachute system as in the case of UAV Nishant


Nishant UAV

  • a multi-mission UAV with Day/Night operational capability, inducted in Army
  • designed for battlefield surveillance, target tracking & localization, and artillery fire correction
  • controlled from a user friendly Ground Control Station + image processing system to analyze transmitted images from UAV

India’s Cold start Doctrine

  • Though officially denied, it’s an offensive doctrine by the Indian strategic establishment
  • Aimed at reducing mobilization time and improved network-centric warfare capabilities



  • To establish the capacity to launch a retaliatory conventional strike against Pakistan that would inflict significant harm on the Pakistan Army before the international community could intercede
  • At the same time, pursue narrow enough aims to deny Islamabad a justification to escalate the clash to the nuclear level


Offensive operations could begin within 48 hours after orders have been issued. Such a limited response time would enable Indian forces to surprise their Pakistani counterparts.

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  1. thanks sir

  2. sir…….cau u plz upload test series with solution for prelims….

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