Scheduled & Tribal Areas (Article 244)

Article 244 (1) Provisions of 5th schedule shall apply to administration & control of schedule areas in every state other than Meghalaya, Tripura, Assam & Mizoram

Article 244 (2) Provisions of 6th schedule shall apply to administration & control of tribal areas of Meghalaya, Tripura, Assam, & Mizoram


5th Schedule → Administration of Scheduled Areas

    • Governor of each state having scheduled areas have to submit a report to the President annually or whenever so required by the President
    • Executive powers of union extends to giving directions to the state regarding administration of these areas
    • A tribal advisory council consisting of not more than 20 members should be established in each state having scheduled areas therein, for their advancement & welfare
  • Governor is empowered to direct that any particular act of parliament or state government does not apply to scheduled areas or if applied, then with specific modifications & exceptions
  • Constitution provides for appointment of a commission to report on administration of scheduled areas & welfare of scheduled tribes in the state. President can appoint such commission at anytime but compulsorily after 10 years from commencement of constitution


Scheduled & Tribal Areas

6th Schedule → Administration of Tribal areas

    • Tribal areas in state of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura & Mizoram have been constituted as autonomous districts (i.e. falls under the executive authority of state concerned)
    • President at any time by order direct that whole or any specified part of schedule area ceases to be a scheduled area or may increase the scheduled area in state after the consultation with the governor of the state
    • If there are different tribes in an autonomous districts, governor can divide the district into several autonomous regions
  • Each autonomous district has a district council of 30 members + each autonomous region also has a separate regional council
  • District & Regional councils are empowered to assess & collect land revenue & impose certain specified taxes
  • Governor can appoint a commission to examine & report of any matter relating to administration of autonomous district of regions.
  • He may also dissolve a district or regional council on the recommendation of appointed commission.
Autonomous Councils Under Sixth Schedule

Autonomous Councils Under Sixth Schedule


Famous Tribes of India

Jarawa, Onge, Sentinelese Andman
Shorn Pens, Holchu Nicobar
Palaeo Mongoloids Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur.
Tibeto -Mongoloids Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh
Mundas, Santhals, Oraons Chhotanagpur Plateau
Gonds, Kondhs Central Vindhyachal + Deccan Plateau
Gaddi, Kinner, Phangwal, Lahuli Himachal Pradesh
Jaunsari, Bhotia, Raji, Buxa, Tharu Uttar Pradesh , Uttarakhand
Anal, Chiru and Konkanas + Kollam Maharashtra
Mala and Savara tribes West Bengal
Bhuiya tribe Madhya Pradesh
Banjaras, Moghias and Sathiyas Rajasthan
Bhil + Maldhari (Gir lions) Gujrat
Oraon,  Munda, Chero, Parchaiya, Santhal, Asuras Bihar
Bhuiya, Baiga, Dharua, Gaaro, Ho, Koli, Lodha Orissa
Bakarwal J & K
Oorali, Sholagar, Irular and Badaga TN
Hakki-Pikki, Korgas,  Kurubas, Soliga Karnataka
Kadars, Irulars , Paniyans,  Korgas, ooralis Kerala
India Yearbook English India Yearbook Hindi Economic Survey 2017

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