Civil Services in India

The Civil Services of India runs the entire administration of the country. The elected ministers of India lay down the policies required to properly run the administrative machinery, which is then carried out by the civil servants in various central government agencies.

  • Central services by central government UPSC
  • State services by state Government State PSC
  • Common services to Union & States All India Services.

Civil Services in India

All India Services

  • Serve centre as well as states; recruited by ministry of personnel in consultation with UPSC
  • Are under direct control of ministry for ex. IAS, IPS, IFS
  • If Rajya sabha passes a resolution supported by not less than 2/3rd of members present & voting, then Parliament may by law provide for creation of one or more all India services (Including All India Judicial services 42nd amendment)

All 3 Services

  • Member of AISs or Central services hold office during the pleasure of President & in case of state services, of governor
  • President / Governor may provide for compensation if
  • Post is abolished before expiration of contractual period
  • He is required to vacate the post for reasons not connected with misconduct on his part

 

Safeguard of Civil Servants

  • No person holding a civil post under Union or states shall be dismissed or removed by an authority subordinate to appointing authority
  • No such person is reduced, dismissed or removed in rank except after an enquiry in which he has been informed of the charges against him & given a reasonable opportunity of being heard wrt those charges

Union Public service commission

  • Chairman (appointed by President)
  • Members (Decided by President Not Fixed)
  • 1/2 of the members of commission should be such persons, who have held the office for atleast 10 years, either under GOI or state government

 

Duration 6 years / 65 years

Removal By President on following terms

 

  • Guilty of misbehaviour or holds office of profit
  • Adjudged insolvent
  • Engages in paid employment outside duties of his office

 

State or Joint Public service commission

State PSC →  Chairman + Members appointed by Governor

Joint PSC → Chairman + Members   appointed by President

Joint PSC → 2 or more states agree to have joint PSC, Provided a resolution to the effect, passed by legislature of these states in parliament

Duration → 6 years or 62 years of age

 

Points of Prominence

  • UPSC, if requested by governor, may with approval of President agree to act for a state
  • Half of the members of every PSC are the officials, who have held the government office (union or state) for atleast 10 yrs
  • All PSCs are only advisory in nature
  • Chairman & members of Joint & state PSC can be removed from the office by only the orders of the President
  • Governor only has power to pass an interim order of suspension, pending the final order of President on report of SC
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