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League of Nations: Success & Failure

League of Nations League of Nations had its origin in the war aims of Allied Powers. Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points had envisaged creation of an international agency that would work for maintenance of wor... »

First World War – Outbreak, Course & End

First World War – Outbreak, Course & End Outbreak of First World War The war was precipitated by an incident which would not have created much stir if Europe had not stood divided into two h... »

Causes of First World War

Causes of First World War In 1914, a war began in Europe which soon engulfed almost the entire world. The damage caused by this war had no precedent in history. It was a total war in which all the res... »

The Second International & Cry Against War

The Second International & Cry Against War  The Second International When the First International was formed, there did not exist well-organised socialist parties: there were only a few groups. Ho... »

First International & Paris Commune

First International & Paris Commune The First International, 1864 With the formation of International Working Men’s Association, or First International, as it is called, it has been said, “Sociali... »

Emergence of Socialism

Emergence of Socialism Industrialization and capitalism brought benefits as well as hardship to man – unemployment, smoky, crowded cities, unhealthy living and working conditions, rivalry and co... »

Rise of Imperialism in Japan

Rise of Imperialism in Japan Around 1850s, Japanese independence came under threat. US sent a naval fleet in 1853 and coerced Japan into opening two ports for US ships and trade was permitted (Gun-boa... »

Colonialism in Pacific, Central Asia and China

Colonialism in Pacific, Central Asia and China Colonialism in Pacific In 1823, Monroe Doctrine was brought out by USA. It emphasized two things: Policy of Isolation Hegemony of US in North and South A... »

Colonialism in Africa (19th century)

Colonialism in Africa (19th century)  Difficult terrains, non-navigable rivers & other such geographical features ensured that colonialism had a late entry in mainland Africa and was restricted fo... »

Colonialism and Imperialism

Colonialism and Imperialism History of Colonialism Voyages of Discovery at the end of 15th century, clubbed with the end of Feudalism Rise in trade Monetary profits Need for RM Development of explorat... »

Industrial Revolution – 18th century

Industrial Revolution – 18th century Change in Mode of Production The mode of production changed from Guild System to Putting-Out System to Factory System. There was decline of the Guild System,... »

Unification of Italy

Unification of Italy Unification of Italy was a two-step process In first step, it had to gain independence from Austria & secondly, it had to unite consequent independent Italian states into a si... »

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