Bills in Parliament

Government member bill

Bill introduced by a minister of government, can be –

  • Ordinary bill
  • Money bill
  • Financial bill
  • Constitutional amendment bill


As it is moved by the the government itself, President does not interfere in introduction of the bill as he is obligatory to advice of COM


Private member bill

  • A bill introduced by a non-government member
  • President can use his powers of absolute veto & can reject the bill , provided bill comes for tabling in the house before presidential recommendation
  • Every member can introduce a bill only for 4 times a year

Types of Bills

Ordinary Money Financial Constitutional amendment
Introduced in  RS & LS LS LS RS & LS
Introduced as  Gov. + Private member bill Gov. member bill Gov. member bill Gov. + Private member bill
Presidential assent in intro  Required Required Required Not Required
Provision for joint sitting  Applicable NA Applicable NA
Passing Majority  Simple majority    (X > 50 %) Simple majority    (X > 50 %) Simple majority      (X > 50 %) Special Majority (X > 2/3 of members present & voting)


Stages of bill

Introduction of the bill (1st reading of the bill)

  • Provisions of proposed law + statement of objects & reasons
  • If a private member wishes to introduce a bill, he must give one month prior notice of his intentions to introduce the bill, seeking permission of the house to do so.
  • Usually it is not opposed but if it is opposed, proposal is put to vote & if house is in favour of introduction of bill, then it proceeds to next stage
  • After the bill is introduced in house, it is published in Gazette of India 


2nd Reading of the bill

  • Principles of the bill are discussed thoroughly & members make speech about for or against the principles of the bill
  • Clause, schedules & amendment regarding bill are taken into consideration
  • Bill can be referred to selection committee (Committee of the house) or can be referred to joint committee (joint committee of both the houses)
  • If the bill is referred to joint / selection committee, they shall give their report (unanimously or via majority) within specified date (with amendments, if required)
  • Reports & bill (as amended) are printed & made available to members of the house (Report stage of the bill)
  • Bill is then taken up for consideration clause by clause
  • This is the stage where bill undergoes substantial changes & amended if found necessary


3rd Reading of the bill

  • Final reading & more or less a formal affair
  • Debate is confined to acceptance or rejection of the bill & submitted to vote of the house
  • If accepted, it is passed to other house & same process follows.
  • Other house has mainly 4 alternatives viz.


  • May pass the bill without amendments
  • May pass the bill with amendments In this case, Bill is returned to originating house. If originating house accepts the amended bill, it would deem to have been passed by both the houses. However, if originating house does not agree with it, President may summon a joint meeting of both the houses to resolve the disagreement & deadlock
  • It may reject the bill altogether. President may summon joint sitting of both the houses to resolve the deadlock
  • May not take any action on the bill by keeping it lying on the table. After lapse of 6 months from the date of reception of the bill, President may summon joint sitting of both the houses to resolve the deadlock

Bills in Parliament

Joint sitting of the Parliament

  • Presided over by Speaker of Lok sabha, then in his absence, Deputy Speaker of LS, then in his absence, Deputy Chairman of RS & even in his absence any member as agreed by both the houses
  • Deadlock is resolved by total number of members of both the houses present & voting. Generally, will of LS prevails due to its larger size
  • After the passage of the bill, it is presented to the President for his assent

No provision of Joint sitting for Money bill & constitutional amendment bill

Presidential Assent

  • If it is money bill or constitutional amendment bill he has to give his assent, but in case of any other bill, he may return it to the parliament for reconsideration with his recommendations
  • If bill is passed again, with or without amendments & sent to the President for the 2nd time, he has to give his assents.
  • After the assent of the President, Bill becomes an act

Money & Financial Bills

Bill of Appropriation

  • A bill which empowers government to draw some amount from consolidated fund of India

Money Bill

  • Decision of speaker is final weather a bill is money bill or not. His decision can not be challenged in any court of law or any of the houses or by the President.
  • Money bill can only be introduced in Lok sabha with recommendations of President


Provisions For money bill
  • Imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax
  • Regulating & borrowing money from the government
  • Money into or out of consolidated fund of India
  • Any expenditure charged on consolidated fund of India or to increase amount of such expenditure
  • Receipt or withdrawal of custody of public accounts of India or audit of account of union or state
Rajya Sabha on Money Bill
  • Rajya Sabha can not amend or reject a money bill but only plays a recommendatory role in passing of money bill.
  • RS must return the money bill within 14 days to LS with or without any recommendations
  • Weather LS accepts or does not except recommendations of RS, bill is deemed to have been passed by both the houses
  • Now bill is forwarded to President for his assent & he is bound to give his assent to the bill


Financial Bill

  • Apart from the provisions of money bill, it includes other provisions as well & can be introduced in LS only on the recommendations of President
  • Since it include other matters also RS has equal say to amend or reject it by virtue of its powers
  • President can also send the bill for reconsideration for once
India Yearbook English India Yearbook Hindi Economic Survey 2017


  1. T Types of Bills-Comparision chart is very helpful for the preperation. Good work !!! Keep going

  2. Correction: Presidential assent in intro for ordinary bill Not Required but for money bill Required

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>