Types of Roots & Insectivorous Plants

Types of Roots & Insectivorous Plants


Types of Roots & Insectivorous Plants


A straight tapering root growing vertically downwards. Forms the center from which subsidiary rootlets spring.

Tap roots & Lateral Roots

Lateral roots

  • Roots that arise from tap root
  • Spread laterally to support the tree
  • Also known as branch roots

Adventitious roots / fibrous roots

  • Roots that are produced from the parts of plant other than the radicle of its axis.
  • Radicle is the first part of a seedling to emerge from the seed during the process of germination
  • Radicle is the embryonic root of the plant, and grows downward in the soil

Adventitious roots

Types of Adventitious roots

Buttress roots (stilt roots or prop roots)

  • Large roots on all sides of a shallowly rooted tree.
  • Typically, they are found in nutrient-poor rainforest soils and do not penetrate to deeper layers.
  • Almost all types of mangroves have these types of roots.
  • For ex: Silk cotton tree

Buttress roots

Prop roots

  • An adventitious root that arises from the branches of the tree
  • Remain suspended in air till they reach the ground, & then they penetrates in the soil
  • Helps in supporting the stem, also called brace roots
  • Example: Banyan tree

Prop roots

Stilt Roots

  • An Adventitious root that grow obliquely from the lower nodes of the stem of plants towards the soil and fixes the plant properly.
  • g. sugarcane, maize

Stilt Roots

Pneumatophores Roots → A specialized root of certain swamp plants, such as the mangrove, that grows upward from the stem rising above ground, out of the water or mud to reach the atmosphere for oxygen hence serve as a respiratory organ.

Pneumatophores Roots

Haustorial Roots → It serves as a form of root for the parasite, forming a physiological bridge through which nutrients pass from the host to the parasite

Insectivorous Plants

  • Carnivorous plants are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients (but not energy) from trapping and consuming animals or protozoans, typically insects and other arthropods.
  • Carnivorous plants have adapted to grow in places where the soil is rain washed, thin or poor in nutrients, especially nitrogen, such as acidic bogs and rock outcroppings.
  • Can be broadly divided into active & passive categories based on their method of trapping their prey viz.
  • Active ones can close their leaf trap the moment insects land on them
  • Passive ones have a pitfall mechanism, having a pitcher like structure, in which prey slips & falls, eventually to be digested

Passive Insectivorous Plants
Active Insectivorous PlantsThese plants have several attractions to lure their prey such as Brilliant colors, Sweet smell & secretion etc.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Subscribe to our Blog Updates

Instantly receive our best-selling book «10 Productivity Myths» in PDF for Free.

You May Also Like
Aquatic Ecosystems & Eutrophication

Aquatic Ecosystems & Eutrophication

Aquatic Ecosystems & Eutrophication An aquatic ecosystem is an ecosystem in a body of water. Communities of organisms that are dependent on each other and on their environment live in…
View Post
Forest Ecosystem

Forest Ecosystem

Forest Ecosystem Tundra Ice frozen soil with severe climatic conditions Tropical Lying near the tropics or in equatorial region Temperate Between Tropics & Arctic circles i.e. from 23.5* to 66.5*…
View Post
Different types of Species

Different types of Species

Different types of Species  Keystone species Species which determine the ability of a large number of other species to survive. Extinction of keystone species has snowballing effect on extinction of…
View Post