best ias books

Fundamental Duties – India

Fundamental Duties – India Fundamental Duties were added to Indian constitution by 42nd amendment in 1976 on recommendations of Swarn singh committee Initially 10 Fundamental Duties were added u... »

Directive Principle of State Policy (DPSP)

Directive Principle of State Policy (DPSP) Directive Principle of State Policy provides guidelines to central & state government in India, to be kept in mind while framing laws & policies &... »

Fundamental Rights in India

Fundamental Rights in India Fundamental Rights (FRs) are known as cornerstone of Indian constitution & mentioned in Part 3 of the constitution FRs prohibits unreasonable interference of the state ... »

Citizenship in India & Indian citizenship acts

Citizenship in India & Indian citizenship acts Fundamental Rights provided in Indian constitution are available to citizens of India only; some of the fundamental rights which are not enjoyed by a... »

Union & its Territories – Formation of States in India

Union & its Territories – Formation of States in India Article 1 of Indian Constitution defines names & territories of nation >> Describes India as union of states (Not federation ... »

Features of Indian Constitution

Features of Indian Constitution Indian Constitution Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic Supreme law of the Nation Written & lengthiest of the world 12 Schedules of Indian Constituti... »

Ocean Acidification & Salt Marsh Ecosystem

Ocean Acidification & Salt Marsh Ecosystem Ocean acidification Ocean acidification is the ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth’s oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide (CO2) from ... »

Acid Rain & Ozone Depleting Substances

Acid Rain & Ozone Depleting Substances Acid Rain Acid rain (Ph < 5.6) is caused by emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which react with the water molecules in the atmosphere to prod... »

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