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Anti Fouling System, Ballast Water, SLACC, Green Revolution to Eastern India

Anti Fouling System Convention

Anti-fouling paints are used on the ship`s surface to control the growth of foulant organisms, such as barnacles, mussels, oysters, tube worms, etc. which affect the speed of ships – Such use of anti-fouling paints, when persistent in the water, leads to “leaching” into sea-water & harms marine environment

  • Aims to protect the environment & human health from adverse effects of anti-fouling systems used in ships by requiring removal of organotin biocides from hulls to prevent leaching
  • Appeals to take appropriate measures for collection, handling, treatment and disposal of wastes from the removal of an anti-fouling system in an environmentally sound manner


Ship’s Ballast Water & Sediments

  • Steel hulls, allow vessels to use water instead of solid materials as ballast -
  • Shipping has been identified as a major pathway for introducing invasive species to new environments

Ballast Water

Ballast Water Management Convention, adopted in 2004, aims to prevent the spread of harmful aquatic organisms from one region to another by control of ship’s ballast water and sediments – All ships in international traffic are required to manage their ballast water & sediments to a certain standard


World Bank to fund India’s SLACC (Sustainable Livelihoods & Adaptation to Climate Change) Project

  • Aims at improving adaptive capacity of rural poor particularly women farmers engaged in farm-based livelihoods to cope up with climate change mainly in Bihar & Madhya Pradesh
  • National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) under Union Ministry of Rural Development is implementing agency
  • Will be implemented in collaboration with Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) & MGNREGS


Green Revolution to Eastern India

  • A sub-scheme of RKVY (Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna)
  • being implemented in 7 eastern States of Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh (Eastern) and West Bengal
  • Aims to harness water potential for enhancing agriculture production in Eastern India
  • Focused on Rice & Wheat
  • Eastern region hitherto known as food deficit region, has with the help of the programme, turned food surplus region


Geological Survey of India’s research ship Samudra Ratnakar in quest for energy security

  • Sailed to locate gas hydrates below the sea-bed off the coast of Kanyakumari via multi-channel seismic survey technique
  • Resemble blocks of ice, contain methane that occur below the sea-bed with their low temperature & hidden high pressure
  • Once exposed to normal temperature and pressure, it would expand 140 times – Japan produced energy from gas hydrates
India Yearbook English India Yearbook Hindi Economic Survey 2017

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